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No L1-Sanskrit token comes from any villager who identifies as an L1-Sanskrit speaker in Uttarakhand. updated policy has increased this top-down imposition of language shift, toward Sanskrit. The Academy shall also be renamed as Uttaranchal Sanskrit Sansthanam Haridwar, Uttarakhand. Consider the example of this faith-based development narrative that has evolved over the past decade in the state of Uttarakhand. Praising the step taken by Dr Nishank former Chief Minister of Uttarakhand and veteran BJP leader Shri Nityanand Swami described it a historical decision which should be … The name finds mention in early Hindu scriptures as the combined region of "Kedarkhand" (present day Garhwal) and "Manaskhand" (present day Kumaon). India has the potential to turn into a superpower by 2025, for it is home to scriptures and Sanskrit literature which is a great treasure of knowledge. The idea of the Sanskrit village continues to gain momentum. He added that there is a village in Kerala too where residents speak only in Sanskrit. While for some, Sanskrit might be considered a dead language or a symbol of millennia of oppression, for others it is a treasure trove of untapped knowledge that might just save humanity. The first example involves the aspiration to reverse engineer next generation transport options, as the title of this article suggests, “Decoding Sanskrit scriptures to make Vedic vimans a reality.” For an exquisite discussion of “archaic modernities,” Banu Subramaniam’s latest book (2019) titled, Holy Science: The Biopolitics of Hindu Nationalism is an excellent overview. Source: https://www.ncertbooks.guru/ncert-sanskrit-books/. His social media handle is Patrick McCartney. This might seem inherently banal and optimistically utopian, yet it is part of a yoga-oriented, faith-based, competitive diplomacy, soft power initiative. This is compounded by what seems to be a general impression that a serious study of Sanskrit  –  and subsequent investment of capital to work on this literal mountain of manuscripts  – is quickly politicised, or, worse, made into a parody of itself in which policy decisions are put forward that will ultimately undermine efforts to popularise Sanskrit. Adheesh Sathaye, Associate Professor of Sanskrit at the University of British Columbia, explains, how “this largely lower-caste movement consciously regards itself as distinct from mainstream Hinduism and is particularly hostile towards Brahmanic hegemony. Click to download our app. On what, exactly? Don’t lose out on any important Post and Update. Uttarakhand: 'Sanskrit Grams' To Encourage Daily Use Of The Language. One seemingly intractable issue is the overwhelming volume of manuscripts. It has beautiful mountains, high peaks,low lands, beautiful view. Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Education; Policies and Intetventions, No.38, 3rd Cross, 1st Phase, Situated in its inner circle are about 256 Brahmin houses in a square type agraharam. School-going children so that they can learn the language from a young age. The first part discussed Sanskrit from having analysed at depth its relative rankings within the Indian census results. Perhaps, these rumours also act as a buffer to ward off existential anxiety. What strikes you as you walk into Bhantola village in Uttarakhand's Kumaon region are the Sanskrit slogans on its walls. Several villages were selected according to the availability of Sanskrit schools so that teachers may visit the villages often and motivate residents to learn and use Sanskrit. This ahistorical and factually incorrect claim shows either complete ignorance of India’s rich and dynamic linguistic ecology, evidenced in the Nirukta, Asthadhyayi, Mahabhashya, and other linguistic commentaries roughly 2500 years ago, or a willful ignorance fueled by an ideological agenda. The aim is to reform society toward an imagined Sanskritland. Hopefully, this allows for data to be enumerated, rationalised and published much more efficiently, and that it will result in next round of Sanskrit data to be released sooner than the seven-year lag that occurred at the last census. The fourth example relates to Samskrita Bharati’s push, through the New Education Policy, to replace English in the three-language education policy with Sanskrit, and make English optional. Yet, it seems, political expediency justifies restricting linguistic diversity, as long as it occurs through a development narrative. Sanskrit is second official language in Uttarakhand. At least, that is the opinion of Soumitra Mouhan, who also asserts, in relation to the ‘Revival of Sanskrit’: “Sanskrit’s credentials to be a language of future India are definitely better and greater than we have realised so far. The amount of trained philologists, manuscript conservators, and available funds and resources is no match for the decoding of even a fraction, let alone, all the manuscripts that exist. Bharat J. Gajjar Wed, Jan 13, 2010 at 2:00 PM. The village holds an ambiguously utopian relation to future India. However, it does not seem to really exude one idea of an open-minded deshabhakta (patriot), who supports linguistic diversity, as it is enshrined in Article 345 of India’s constitution. By 2050, Sanskrit will be the most prominent language in the world.”, One way to think about the news articles, blogs, and opinion pieces that regularly inform us of “Sanskrit-speaking” villages is how they seem to operate in a similar way to phalaśruti paratexts. The pair seem to work in tandem. He is trained in archaeology, anthropology, sociology, and historical linguistics. This series has two parts, this is the second. They promote the idea that these villages are “true.”. Photo: Avanish Tiwary/Flickr CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. The Sankethi dialect has no written script and is read in the Devanagari script. It is the only Indian state to do so. He added that there is a village in Kerala too where residents speak only in Sanskrit. The fronts of all houses bear 'Sanskrit griham', while a shop calls itself 'apnnah'. Yes, Mattur – the Sanskrit speaking village is an Agrahara, which the families living here received as a royal grant. It is located on the banks of River Tunga and is at a distance of about 8 km from Shimoga (Shivamogga). Locality/village: Chamoli, Badrinath: State: Uttarakhand: Deity: Lord Vishnu, Badrinarayan Several villages were selected according to the availability of Sanskrit schools so that teachers may visit the villages often and motivate residents to learn and use Sanskrit. Sanskrit Dictionary is a bilingual, translates any word from English to Sanskrit or Sanskrit to English.Type a word in search box & click on Translate button. The Academy shall also be renamed as Uttaranchal Sanskrit Sansthanam Haridwar, Uttarakhand. Mattur is a quaint village in Karnataka that lies some 300 km from Bangalore. And that efforts should be made to make this 21st century, a Sanskrit century. Similar sentiments are shared by India’s Human Resource Development (HRD) Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal, who claims “It is essential to learn Sanskrit if you want to understand India and its culture and tradition. And, of these already catalogued, only a handful have been digitised, translated, and published. Sanskritam is the second official language of Uttarakhand state - Sanskrit speaking village in Karnataka. Yet, even with awareness campaigns to promote the documentation and conservation of manuscripts, career prospects are slim. Evidence of this includes propositions, such as Yoga and Sanskrit can solve climate change. In this way, Sanskrit and Yoga are used to brand the nation. The media used broad saffron-coloured strokes to paint those involved in this and related incidents as homogenous extra-judicial agents of Hindutva. In the article, Jhiri, which we travelled to in the first part of the essay, is described as “India’s own Jurassic Park.” It is supposedly a village that “is a lost world that has been recreated carefully and painstakingly, but lives a precarious existence, cut off from the compelling realities of the world outside.”. That M.K. Jageshwar Shiva Temple is a Hindu pilgrimage town in Almora district, Uttarakhand, believed to carry the Nagesh Jyotirlinga dedicated to Shiva, located 36 km northeast of Almora, in Kumaun region. Sanskrit is the second official language in Uttarakhand after Hindi. Its storehouse of knowledge is an unsurpassed and the most invaluable treasure of the world. Yet, these lofty ambitions to help save the world, ostensibly, from itself, have humble origins among the mythical villages of rural India, which we are told, speak, or could speak, the language of the rural masses, Sanskrit. Uttarakhand's name is derived from the Sanskrit words uttara (उत्तर) meaning 'north', and khaṇḍa (खण्ड) meaning 'land', altogether simply meaning 'Northern Land'. article about one “Sanskrit-speaking” village. ... the Uttarakhand government has decided to develop 'Sanskrit Grams' (Sanskrit villages) across the state. 8 (Next to Croma Store), e-CLASSROOM LEARNING PROGRAM (e-CLP) 2021. What comes afterwards is knowledge technology. This relates to the ways countries compete using their cultural capital. People in these model villages will communicate with each other in the ancient Indian language on a daily basis. After all, “Sanskrit is a gift of India for [the] entire humanity,” at least, that is what India’s HRD Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal, asserted just after the Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2020 was passed by India’s upper house of parliament. The following quote is found on the homepage of one of India’s best-known Sanskrit universities in Benares, namely, Sampūrṇānanda Saṁskṛta Viśvavidyālaya: “Sanskrit is the most ancient and perfect among the languages of the World. As Union minister Pratap Sarangi, explains “Sanskrit is the language for science, mathematics, and environment […] It is the most scientific language [and] if it is used more often by India, we will become a world leader.”. Chandralayout, Bengaluru-40 Take, for example, the following song that attendees at Samskrita Bharati language camps learn, which inspires people to work towards helping Sanskrit be spoken in every home (gṛhe gṛhe), in every village (grāme grāme), in every city (nagare nagare), and in every country (deśe deśe). info), is a city and municipal corporation in Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India.With a population of 228,832 in 2011, it is the second largest city in the state and the largest in the district. As Mayu Bora writes, the Asom Sahitya Sabha’s position is that students would benefit more from studying geography and history, or minority languages, like Bodo, which is the language of largest indigenous tribal group of Assam. The phalaśruti parts of any text outline the potential rewards for a pursuing a particular spiritual task, like reciting a text, and, also, the dangers and pitfalls for not doing it, or doing it poorly. Patrick McCartney, PhD, is a Research Affiliate at the Anthropological Institute at Nanzan University, Nagoya, Japan. It has a population of around 1500. From: Mohan Gupta. Apart from Bhantola, there are at least seven other villages in India where people use Sanskrit as a language of communication. Shivdharma is, in short, a marriage of a passionate folk devotion to Shivaji with anti-Brahman politics.”. The programme resulted in significant progress, and it … Recently, an updated policy has increased this top-down imposition of language shift, toward Sanskrit. Or rather, green and saffron are forcibly collapsed to present a sustainable programme as a Hindutva programme. Naidu went on to say, “The heritage of knowledge that our ancient scholars left for us is in Samskrit. Take, for instance, how in 2019, the slogan #Yoga4ClimateAction was implemented to increase India’s standing in the world. The following quote, from Soumitra Mohan highlights the sentiment. “The language deserves to be treated much better than it has been so far, more so when it has been called the best ‘computerable’ language. There are many villages in Uttarakhand and all are located in the high mountains. It highlights the internal tensions within India. Take, for example, India’s vice president, M. Venkaiah Naidu, who claims that Sanskrit can offer solutions to the world’s contemporary issues. This is as equally troubled as the “Sanskrit village” narrative. It helps link an archaic modernity and potential return to an imagined, previous, Vedic “Golden Age” that is, a priori, eco-sustainable. It focused on the last two censuses in 2011 and 2001. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------. Sanskrit’s credentials to be a language of future India are definitely better and greater than we have realised so far. The National Survey of Manuscripts has the unenviable task of locating, cataloging, preserving and translating these texts. Yoga and Sanskrit can solve climate change. Gandhi’s idea of the village and Mohan Bhagwat’s idea of “core Indian values” are still intact. Villages were selected at the meeting of the Uttarakhand Sanskrit Academy, chaired by the Uttarakhand Chief Minister. The aspiration is total. Notably, Sanskrit is the second official language of Uttarakhand and the state already has an academy for it in Haridwar which is going to be renamed as 'Uttaranchal Sanskrit Sansthanam'. The second example occurred at the Bhandakar Oriental Research Institute (BORI), Pune. More importantly, it discriminates against the economically underdeveloped populations. It is an agrarian village, which has arecanuts as the primary crop and one acre of it yields a net profit of Rs 90,000 on an average per year. 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